1. Downstream/Upstream:
In water, the direction along the stream is called downstream. And, the direction against the stream is called upstream.

2. If the speed of a boat in still water is u km/hr and the speed of the stream is v km/hr, then:
Speed downstream = (u + v) km/hr.
Speed upstream = (u - v) km/hr.

3. If the speed downstream is a km/hr and the speed upstream is b km/hr, then:
Speed in still water = ½ (a + b) km/hr.
Rate of stream = ½ (a - b) km/hr.

Exercise : Boats and Streams MCQ Questions and Answers

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